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APC (Article processing charge)Fee for publishing an article in an open access journal.
Self-archivingUploading an electronic version of a scientific or academic work to the repository by the author – this can be e.g. student and scientific qualification papers, preprints and postprints of peer-reviewed articles, research and technical reports, teaching materials. Many reputable publishers (Springer, Elsevier, IEEE, IoP) allow auto-archiving.
Journals with delayed accessAlternatively also journals with a time embargo on articles – they allow free access to their articles only after a set period of time after publication (usually 6-12 months). During the embargo period, articles are subject to a subscription or hybrid model.
Bronze OAPublishing in journals without a license attached.
Black OAIllegally accessed articles (article provided by 3rd party).
Data ManagementA set of activities related to data management.
Data Management Plan (DMP)A formal document describing the cycle of management of data collected, processed and/or generated during and after project implementation.
DatasetIt is a collection of data – interlinked tables or files that relate to a particular experiment or event.
Diamond OA / Platinum OA / Pure |OAPublishing in open access journals without APC. Publishing costs are covered by the publisher (e.g. university press, scientific community).
DraftArticle proposal.
Embargoed access The publication must be closed in the repository. After a specified period of time, the publication is made available for open access. The time embargo is always set by the publisher and is specified in the licence (or other) agreement.
E-printElectronic preprint or postprint of an article from a (peer-reviewed) journal.
FAIR dataData provided on the basis of the FAIR principle: ‘Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Re-usable’.
Hybrid OA publishing modelThis model gives authors the opportunity to freely make available their article published in a traditional peer-reviewed journal, which is otherwise only available on a subscription basis, upon payment of a fee (usually after acceptance of the article). The journal can contain both freely available articles and articles available only on payment basis (total subscription to the journal by institutions or payment for a single article).
Author identifierIt serves as a unique personal ID that uniquely identifies authors throughout their professional careers. It helps to correctly identify the author’s publications in citation and other databases, and thanks to them, basic author metrics – number of publications, number of citations, H-index – can be easily read. Here we can mention, for example, ResearcherID in the Web of Science database, Scopus Author ID for the Scopus database, and the universal identifier ORCID.
Publication identifierAn internationally unique and persistent document identifier that provides a permanent reference to a specific electronic document in the internet environment (e.g. DOI).
Institutional repositoryA digital collection of results produced at a university or research institution, often maintained by the institution’s library. The repository allows members of a given community to electronically store the results of their academic and scientific activities.
MetadataData used to identify and make datasets – publications – results searchable.
Subject repositoryIt offers scientists and academics in a particular scientific field or group of related fields the opportunity to publish their work. It is not limited to the results of work from only one institution.
Open Access (OA)Method of publication and access to scientific information, especially full texts of peer-reviewed scientific articles. It is an unrestricted online access that is free of charge for users and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions, opening up access to publications that are otherwise traditionally only available for a fee (by subscription, licence, pay-per-view, etc.).
Open Science (OS)A concept promoting greater transparency, openness and collaboration in research based on the dissemination of knowledge through digital and collaborative technologies. Open science includes the sharing and reuse of scientific methodology, data, tools and materials and the accessibility of research results to researchers and the general public (especially when publicly funded).
Open Research DataIt is digital data from research projects available online without restriction to all potential users. Open access to research data includes the ability to freely use, modify and share the data by anyone for any purpose.
Access rights to publications in the repositoryThe level of openness of the full texts of these publications. Access may be open, embargoed, restricted, closed.
Underlying dataResearch data needed to interpret and validate results presented in scientific articles and publications.
Postprint (accepted version)The version of the paper that has been reviewed and approved. Publisher’s consent is required for archiving the postprint (if the author transfers copyright to the publisher). The terms of self-archiving are specified in the contract with the publisher and usually also on the publisher’s website.
Predatory journalA fraudulent business entity whose sole purpose is to generate profit through publication fees (APCs) – without adding value or adhering to established standards in scholarly communication. Predators exploit the Gold Open Access paid model.
PreprintAny preprint version of an article intended for publication in a peer-reviewed journal (usually the version offered for publication), Any author has the right to self-archive the preprint, as he/she is still the copyright holder and therefore does not violate the law.
RepositoryAn electronic collection of scientific and academic papers by authors from a single institution or discipline, freely accessible via the internet. The repository contains works deposited by the author (self-archiving). Repositories usually provide the full text of the documents, or records of the existence of the document (metadata) are available, and access to the full text is restricted to users from the institution.
Publisher’s version of articleArticle after final graphic editing by the publisher. This version is published in a professional journal. The content is identical to the so-called postprint.
Result type “J” in the RIVA peer-reviewed article published in a professional journal, regardless of the state of the publisher, presenting the original results of research conducted by the author or a team of which the author was a member.
Research DataData generated by research activities.
Gold OA – OA publishingOpen access publications are provided by publishers who publish their publications entirely in OA mode. Or those that use the so-called hybrid model or allow free access to articles (journals) after a certain deadline. Published articles usually go through a standard peer review process.
Green OA, OA self-archivingOpen access to their work is provided by the authors themselves by providing their work (preprint, article, qualifying thesis, etc.) in disciplinary or institutional digital repositories or on their own or their institution’s website. These are not always peer-reviewed works.

Last change: 18.01.2023